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Article Dans Une Revue Aquatic Toxicology Année : 2019

Current methods to monitor microalgae-nanoparticle interaction and associated effects


Widespread use of nanoparticles for different applications has diffused their presence in the environment, particularly in water. Many studies have been conducted to evaluate their effects on aquatic organisms. Microalgae are at the base of aquatic trophic chains. These organisms which can be benthic or pelagic, meaning that they can enter into interaction with all kinds of particulate materials whatever their density, and constitute an interesting model study. The purpose of this review was to gather more than sixty studies on microalgae exposure to the different nanoparticles that may be present in the aquatic environment. After a brief description of each type of nanoparticle (metals, silica and plastic) commonly used in ecotoxicological studies, techniques to monitor their properties are presented. Then, different effects on microalgae resulting from interaction with nanoparticles are described as well as the parameters and techniques for monitoring them. The impacts described in the literature are primarily shading, ions release, oxidative stress, adsorption, absorption and disruption of microalgae barriers. Several parameters are proposed to monitor effects such as growth, photosynthesis, membrane integrity, biochemical composition variations and gene expression changes. Finally, in the literature, while different impacts of nanoparticles on microalgae have been described, there is no consensus on evidence of nanomaterial toxicity with regard to microalgae. A parallel comparison of different nanoparticle types appears essential in order to prioritize which factors exert the most influence on toxicity in microalgae cultures: size, nature, surface chemistry, concentration or interaction time.
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hal-02318758 , version 1 (21-12-2021)


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Maureen Déniel, Nicolas Errien, Philippe Daniel, Aurore Caruso, Fabienne Lagarde. Current methods to monitor microalgae-nanoparticle interaction and associated effects. Aquatic Toxicology, 2019, pp.105311. ⟨10.1016/j.aquatox.2019.105311⟩. ⟨hal-02318758⟩
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