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Article Dans Une Revue Structural Health Monitoring Année : 2020

Laser ultrasonic monitoring of reversible/irreversible modification of a real crack under photothermal loading

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Résumé

We study the responses of laser-generated acoustic waves to localized reversible/irreversible modifications of microscopic asperities on crack surfaces during crack closure, which is an essential process in nonlinear photoacoustic/photothermal crack detection techniques. Our laser ultrasonics technique involves optical measurement of the transmission and mode conversion of the laser-generated surface acoustic waves caused by the crack. Reversible/irreversible modifications of asperities can be achieved via non-contact photothermal loading of the crack. Three photothermal loading cycles were realized in individual succession and were monitored using the laser ultrasonics technique at various experimental locations along the crack. In our experiments, each photothermal loading cycle includes multiple successive subcycles, in which the material is first heated and then cooled to its equilibrium temperature, thereby initiating local closing, followed by opening of the crack. Each subcycle is monitored twice using the laser ultrasonics technique, once each at the end of heating and cooling. Furthermore, each successive subcycle is accomplished at a higher power of heating laser than that of the previous subcycle. Significant differences in the peak-to-peak amplitude of the surface skimming longitudinal acoustic wave, which is excited by mode conversion of the Rayleigh wave by the crack, are revealed during the first cycle of photothermal loading. These differences clearly indicate a partial irreversibility of the mechanical processes occurring in the crack surfaces during subcycles of the first cycle. In a larger temporal scale, irreversible modification of crack surfaces is observed from the significant difference between the experimental results of the first photothermal loading cycle and the subsequent two cycles, whereas a reversible response of the crack surface to thermoelastic loading is observed from the similarity of the measurements accumulated during the two subsequent cycles.
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Dates et versions

hal-03007507 , version 1 (16-11-2020)

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Chen-Yin Ni, Jin-Chao Lv, Yue-Ying Zhang, Hai-Yan He, Xi-Feng Xia, et al.. Laser ultrasonic monitoring of reversible/irreversible modification of a real crack under photothermal loading. Structural Health Monitoring, 2020, pp.147592172091516. ⟨10.1177/1475921720915164⟩. ⟨hal-03007507⟩
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