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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Année : 2016

Use of slow sound to design perfect and broadband passive sound absorbing materials

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Résumé

Perfect (100%) absorption by thin structures consisting of a periodic arrangement of rectangular quarter-wavelength channels with side detuned quarter-wavelength resonators is demonstrated. The thickness of these structures is 13–17 times thinner than the acoustic wavelength. This low frequency absorption is due to a slow sound wave propagating in the main rectangular channel. A theoretical model is proposed to predict the complex wavenumber in this channel. It is shown that the speed of sound in the channel is much lower than in the air, almost independent of the frequency in the low frequency range, and it is dispersive inside the induced transparency band which is observed. The perfect absorption condition is found to be caused by a critical coupling between the rectangular channel (sub-wavelength resonators) and the incoming wave. It is shown that the width of a large absorption peak in the frequency spectrum can be broadened if several rectangular channels in the unit cell are detuned. The detuning is achieved by varying the length of the side resonators for each channel. The predicted absorption coefficients are validated experimentally. Two resonant cells were produced with stereolithography which enabled the authors to incorporate curved side resonators.
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Dates et versions

hal-02511736 , version 1 (19-03-2020)

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J.-P. Groby, R. Pommier, Yves Aurégan. Use of slow sound to design perfect and broadband passive sound absorbing materials. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2016, 139 (4), pp.1660-1671. ⟨10.1121/1.4945101⟩. ⟨hal-02511736⟩
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